Learning proportion is key! -It is the most important skill to develop when it comes to, well, ANYTHING art related. -Proportion is the number one biggest things that beginning artist struggle with.
Drawing Steps: Setting Up Proportions
- Draw a straight line down the paper. The line represents the height of the figure. You can use a ruler if you want, or you can just eyeball it.
- Find the midpoint of the line that you have just drawn and mark it with an “X”. The “X” represents the crotch of your figure.
- Now looking at the upper half of the division (The top of the line to the “X” in the center), divide that in half again and mark it with a dot. This represents the bottom of the chest.
- Now, from the dot to the top of the line, divide that section in half again and mark it with a dot. This dot will be used to represent the chin.
- Next, find the center of the “X” and the dot you put down for the bottom of the chest, this is the naval.
- Looking at the bottom half (from the “X” to the base of the line), divide that in half and mark it. This is the general area of the knee.
One thing to keep in mind is that when drawing human figures, the head is a common unit of measurement. This drawing is going to be an 8 head figure. Drawing on Parts:
- First draw on an oval for the head. It should be from the top of the line to dot you marked for the chin.
- Second you have to locate the nipples. Put a dot on each side of the chest marking that you made. The should be one heads length apart.
- Now you can draw in the chest cavity. Locate the the center between the bottom of the chin and the bottom of the chest and mark it with a “V”. This will represent the clavicle. Between the chin and the clavicle is the beginning of the chest cavity
- Draw an oval starting at the beginning of the chest cavity going down to the naval. Make sure it goes out and around the nipples.
- Next we have to close the chest cavity. Find the point on the oval you have just drawn that is vertically aligned with the nipples and draw a line curving up and to the pictorial (bottom of the chest). Then erase the bottom of the oval.
- Draw in the crotch. To do this, you have to first locate the love handles. Begin at the naval and then go slightly below the navel and put a dot on each side that are aligned with the nipples. Connect the dots to the crotch with a downward slightly angled line and a “U” shape. Complete the crotch by making a bowl shape.
- Now the legs need to be added and to do this we have to locate the leg joints. Divide line between the naval and crotch into three equal segments. Below the bottom division put two dots that are aligned with the nipples and love handles. These are the leg joints. From the dots, draw a line slightly down and angles and then straight down to the knee. Now draw the rest of the way down with a slightly curved line to the fee. Use a triangular shape to signify the feet.
- Lastly, we have to draw the arms. First the shoulder joints need to be located however. Start at the navel and draw a dotted line going up and past each nipple. Then, extend the clavicle to the dotted line. Draw the connecting line slightly upward. These are the shoulder joints. Now, draw on arms from shoulder joints down to the crotch. The end of this line represents the wrists. Last of all, draw on a mitten shape at the end of each wrist to signify the hands.
After this, we were required to do 3 drawings of people. For the first drawing, I quickly sketched a lady walking down the hall at my college. This was hard because I literally only got to observe her for approximately a minute. I literally had to draw her as fast as I possibly could. Next, my little cousin was doing this weird bendy twisty thing with her body in my couch and I though it would be cool to draw it. Of course, at the time she was doing it I did not have my sketchbook with me. So this one I attempted 100% by memory and I don’t suggest doing this. The last picture I drew was a picture of my dad looking out of our window.